A key building block in formula writing is the ability to use absolute and relative cell references. Though the term Absolute cell reference sounds too complex and goes over the head, but it is an EXTREMELY IMPORTANT concept for formula construction and usage….. and you MUST KNOW it.
Absolute cell reference in Excel is used when you don’t want the cell reference to change with the formula or function being copied and pasted to other cells.
- Cell references are frequently used in Excel formulae, functions, charts etc.
- An absolute cell reference identifies the location of a cell or group of cells.
- An absolute cell reference is used when you don’t want the cell reference to change with the formula or function being copied and pasted to other cells.
- Default cell references in a spreadsheet are relative, which change when copied and pasted.
- To keep the cell reference unchanged, dollar signs ($) have to be prefixed to column and row.
- Example of an absolute cell reference would be $C$5, $P$25, or $N$350.
- A shortcut to prefix dollar signs is to click on a cell reference and then press F4 key on the keyboard.